Embedding is beneficial

...whereas an explicit interface keyword is harmful

February 18, 2015

This is my own addendum to Uncle Bob’s recent post on the interface keyword being a harmful keyword in Java. He references C# several times because it’s like a sister-language to Java. There’s a newer kid on the block that solves the problem rather elegantly…

So now what?

Well, try this on for size:

type Subject struct {
	observers []Observer

func (this *Subject) register(o Observer) {
	this.observers = append(this.observers, o)

func (this *Subject) notify() {
	for _, o := range this.observers {

type MyWidget struct {
	/* ... */

type MyObservableWidget struct {

What is going on there?

Well, suppose you could define a class/struct with useful fields and methods, then allow other structs to borrow that data and functionality. It’s not really inheritence but it feels like it. We’ll call the technique embedding a struct.

That’s really clean–what language is that?

Go from Google, with is also more flexible with interfaces in general, favoring implicit implementation to an explicit keyword sprinkled everywhere. Sort of like duck-typing in Python but without the dynamic type system.

Cool, I’ll check it out!